Annotated Bibliography

Thesis Research Design Chapter

chapter 3: research design and methodology - University of Pretoria
In this chapter, the research design and methodology used in the study are ...... I am busy with my PhD thesis and have just discovered Weft QDA. It is a.

Thesis Research Design Chapter

The first research hypothesis desdribes high rise office buildings in malaysiaincorporating bioclimatic design have better environmental performance and consumeless energy than conventional ones. The amount used in the two different types of high rise office buildings werestep 1take meter readingsstep 2calculate consumptionstep 3calculate annual totalsstep 4calculate performance indicatorsstep 5compare with benchmark and designestimatesstep 6take action on excessive consumption compared to check whether there were real energy savings in the bioclimatic high rise officeblocks or not. Environmental parameters measurementfive environmental parameters were to be taken in the field studies which include airtemperature, relative humidity, air velocity, light intensity level (brightness) and sound level.

Thecollection of subjective data (recording the perception of the office space by its occupantsand their level of satisfaction) allowed for a subjective data analysis. The rationale behind the 2 test is that if the two variables are notrelated (i. Intensity level (brightness) luxthe brightness level was measured using a hand held light meter (lx-102 lux meter).

Difficult to get the right contact personbuilding operator gave inappropriate information about the right person in charge to becontacted for getting the permission. To lower the chance ofrandom error, a larger and more representative sample should be selected but this mayincreases the cost of the study and is time consuming. Velocity, v (ms)using the same equipment for air temperature and relative humidity measurements, thehygro-thermo-anemometer was used to measure air velocity in the offices.

The relighting was perceived to have improved the appearance ofthe building substantially, as well as the lighting within individual workstations. The investigations and actions required to improvebuilding design will also tend to improve energy efficiency, management and occupantsatisfaction (cibse, 1999). About 800 copies of the questionnaire were printed before the first phase started.

We propose an approach to adjust the tonal values in animage, targeting directly at achieving an aesthetically more appealingnotan. There is no survey instrument or test is perfectlyreliable, but some are more reliable than others. The combination of both methods will allow for amore holistic evaluation of the benefits of low energy design in high-rise office buildings.

Atotal of 244220 people participated (before and after the relighting, respectively). Albeit much exploited by artists, these conceptshave barely crossed over to multimedia or computer visionresearch. At onebuilding the manager said she had already appointed one of her staff to respond to ourletter but unfortunately the person resigned before we came. The electricity consumption is mostly usedto provide indoor comfort to the users, related to lighting and air conditioning systems in thebuilding. Ourmovements were quite limited at particular buildings where commitments from theguard were unreceptive.


Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology - DORAS


Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology. 3.1 ... this thesis attempts to uncover is the role of Computer Mediated Environment and simulations in mediating ...

Thesis Research Design Chapter

CHAPTER 3 - RESEARCH DESIGN AND ... - Shodhganga
3.4 Title of the Thesis. 3.5 Objectives of the Study. 3.6 Hypotheses of the Study. 3.7 Research Design and Methodology. 3.7.1 Research Plan. 3.7.2 The Universe .
Thesis Research Design Chapter Eachcategory has a specific analytical technique which is explained in the next section. ·. At onebuilding the manager said she had already appointed one of her staff to respond to ourletter but unfortunately the person resigned before we came. Energy consumption evaluated through energy audit of electrical bills for at least ayear period of time and compared the building energy index with the local and regionalstandards (see section 4). This method addresses composition enhancement from a high levelof spatial arrangement, a remarkable difference from improvingrelatively low-level characteristics such as contrast and dynamicranges. It is a well known established software system for data management andanalysis. In the questionnaires, respondents were asked to give theiropinion on the architectural aspects of the building, Research design for evaluating high rise office blocks in malaysiathe research first reviewed all the characteristics of bioclimatic buildings in the malaysianpeninsula after independence (1957), particularly the traditional malay house andconventional buildings and the transformation through time until the dawn of the newmillennium.
  • CHAPTER 2 Research design and methodology


    It is probably due to the busy natureof these professionals that the process of obtaining permission was not that easy. Several equipment matched most closely to the required tool forpresent study was used to obtained environmental data. Thecollection of subjective data (recording the perception of the office space by its occupantsand their level of satisfaction) allowed for a subjective data analysis. For example, is the relationship we have observedbetween employment status and political allegiance real or simply a sampling artefact?impossible to tell any association can arise by chance. In this technique, related types of questions that reflect the specific findinghave been set up carefully.

    Energy efficiency of a building based on bioclimatic principles is determined by a set ofenvironmental, technical and social factors (coch, 1998). At the endof the period, only six buildings were granted and the other two buildings were dropped fromthe list due to several circumstances. Most of the questions asked were adopted from several samplesof questionnaires available in learning from our buildings a state-of-the-practicesummary of post-occupancy evaluation (federal facilities council staff, 2001). Measurements were taken at several points (3 or 4) on the respective floor areas onan hourly basis for air temperature, relative humidity and air velocity whereas for light leveland noise level measurement were recorded for every two hour. Therating for technical elements on architectural features such as service core position, sitebuilding adjustment, wind scope and etc were not included in the questionnaires.

    Data gathered in the field studybasically there are three types of data obtained which fall into the following categories,users satisfaction, environmental condition and energy consumption. Internal consistency is an indicatorof how well the different items measure the same issue. Some measured data by previousresearchers has also been considered as additional options to this adopted method. Observation on aspecific office room and the common areas of the building where the environmentalmeasurements were done has also to be observed. Eachcategory has a specific analytical technique which is explained in the next section. It is therefore important in this research to integrate both dimensions energyaudit and a post occupancy evaluation. It is a well known established software system for data management andanalysis. Temperature, ta (c)air temperatures were measured using a hygro-thermo-anemometer. With this probe, the anemometer could sense air flow from any direction and at the same time read the room temperature. It is applied not to a single item but to groups of items that arethought to measure different aspects of the same concept.

    CHAPTER 2. Research design and methodology. 2.1 INTRODUCTION. This chapter deals with research design, the population, sampling, instruments.

    Chapter 3 research design and methodology - SlideShare

    20 Apr 2016 ... CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 3.0 Introduction As ..... Not all architectural data were published in this thesis.
  • Essay Writing Service Australia
  • National Junior Honor Society Essay Help
  • Help Starting An Essay
  • Essay Writting Services
  • Custom Essay Meister
  • Thesis Research Paper Builder
  • Thesis Revisionniste
  • Thesis Sahib Discogs
  • Thesis School Discipline
  • Thesis Search Box In Header
  • Explain Love Essay

    Furthermore, there is astrong interaction between the building envelope, building services and the way people usebuildings. Information from occupants about their response to buildingswas gathered through questionnaires, interviews, site visits, and observation sometimes theinformation was linked to the physical assessment of a building. The investigations and actions required to improvebuilding design will also tend to improve energy efficiency, management and occupantsatisfaction (cibse, 1999). In the end of june 2005 theresearcher flew to kuala lumpur. The internal consistency reliabilitytest is the most appropriate approach for reliability test on the survey instrument used in thisstudy Buy now Thesis Research Design Chapter

    Fantasy Quest Essay

    It began withacademic and government research, but it is slowly finding its way into commercial practice(lasch, 2002). Face toface interview was officially not allowed by most of the management but it was conductedinformally with a few office workers who had chance to communicate with the researcher inthe office areas where the environmental measurements were taken. Rating scales used in the questionnairesnegative neutral positive-2 -1 0 1 2poor fair adequate good excellentnegative neutral positive-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3highlysatisfiedvery satisfied satisfied neutral dissatisfiedverydissatisfiedhighlydissatisfied architectural building spacearea quality the general layout of the building adequacy of space flexibility use of space public corridor and accessibility excess to terraces and circulation the parking space satisfaction public area spaces buildingappearance quality imageprestigeaesthetic value pleasantness of the main entrance landscaping at most of the commonareas Thesis Research Design Chapter Buy now

    Flagler College Essay

    Analysis of thephysical measurement data indicated generally higher lighting levels with more evendistribution of luminance in the offices. The level of significance is expressed as a probability and is often taken to be0. Factors comfort requirements occupancy regimes management and maintenance activity access to controls etcbuilding envelope size built form shape materials ventilation location orientation etcbuilding services fuels type of system size of system plant controls plant efficiency operating regimeetc. The equipment used in the field work andtheir specification are shown in appendix 2. It wasconsidered unsuitable to asked ordinary people (most of the occupants) who do not havearchitectural knowledge background Buy Thesis Research Design Chapter at a discount

    Essays On Muslim Racism

    Internal consistency reliability is another commonly used psychometric measure in assessingsurvey instruments and scales. To achieve this, the designmust be sensitive to those who use it. In order to understand andcompare two different approaches in an appropriate technique, the selection of the case studybuildings (bioclimatic and ceonventional) have to be equal in number. This willthen shows the diverse development of both types of buildings in different eras and how theyperform in these periods. This compositionanalysis tool enables the retrieval of highly aesthetic exemplarimages from the corpus which are similar in content and composition tothe snapshot.

    Measuresinclude indicators related to organizational and occupant performance, such as workersatisfaction and productivity, and safety and security, but may also include measures ofbuilding performance as perceived by users such as air quality, thermal comfort, spatialcomfort, ergonomics, privacy, lighting comfort, noise (from the building and offices), andaesthetics Buy Online Thesis Research Design Chapter

    Essays On Modernity

    Questionnaire structure for architectural features environmental lightingnatural quality availability at work station availability at lift lobby availability at meeting area availability at rest room availability at corridorpathway overall level of natural lighting satisfaction with the natural lighting available inofficeartificial quality availability at work station availability at lift lobby availability at meeting area availability at rest room availability at corridorpathway overall level of artificial lighting(electric) lighting satisfaction with the artificial lighting available inoffice ventilationnatural quality availability at work station availability at lift lobby availability at meeting area availability at rest room availability at corridorpathway overall level air movement from naturalventilation satisfaction with the natural ventilation available inofficeartificial quality availability at work station availability at lift lobby availability at meeting area availability at rest room availability at corridorpathway overall level air movement from airconditioner satisfaction with the air movement from the airconditioner thermal comfort quality at working station at the lift lobby at meeting area at rest room at corridor or pathway overall thermal condition satisfaction with the thermal condition in the office acoustic quality at working station at the lift lobby at meeting area at rest room at corridor or pathway overall noise level satisfaction with the noise level in office overall how happy are you working in thisbuilding how satisfied are you with your workenvironmentfigure 3 Buy Thesis Research Design Chapter Online at a discount

    Expository Essay Vs. Analytical Essay

    First, we have developed a tool to categorize images byspatial design into diagonal, horizontal, vertical, and centeredcomposition types. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Eachcategory has a specific analytical technique which is explained in the next section. Measuresinclude indicators related to organizational and occupant performance, such as workersatisfaction and productivity, and safety and security, but may also include measures ofbuilding performance as perceived by users such as air quality, thermal comfort, spatialcomfort, ergonomics, privacy, lighting comfort, noise (from the building and offices), andaesthetics. Energy efficiency of a building based on bioclimatic principles is determined by a set ofenvironmental, technical and social factors (coch, 1998) Thesis Research Design Chapter For Sale

    Essays On Effective Listening

    With this probe, the anemometer could sense air flow from any direction and at the same time read the room temperature. About 800 copies of the questionnaire were printed before the first phase started. A month later only two managers gave a positive response after thecorresponding letters were sent off, whereas the other six remained silent. Inflexibility of movement in certain buildingwe were accompanied by the maintenance staff and sometimes the security guard. If that probability falls below the set limit, then rejectthe null hypotheses and draw inferences about the population.

    Internal consistency reliability is another commonly used psychometric measure in assessingsurvey instruments and scales For Sale Thesis Research Design Chapter

    Formalist Critique Essay

    Most of the questions asked were adopted from several samplesof questionnaires available in learning from our buildings a state-of-the-practicesummary of post-occupancy evaluation (federal facilities council staff, 2001). An evaluation of bioclimatic high rise office buildings in a tropical climate energy consumption and users satisfaction in selected office buildings in malaysia. Qualitative aspects ofbuilding performance pertain to the ambiance of a space (i. The result from spss werethen transformed into ms excel and office for publication purposes. Data gathered in the field studybasically there are three types of data obtained which fall into the following categories,users satisfaction, environmental condition and energy consumption Sale Thesis Research Design Chapter

    MENU

    Home

    Coursework

    Bibliography

    Critical

    Review

    Biographies

    Rewiew

    Capstone

    Presentation

    Letter

    Writing

    Essays On Health Insurance

    French Essay Phrases Quizlet

    Essays On Current Issues In Education

    Essays On Truancy

    Freuds Essay On Sexuality

    Francis Bacon Essay Of Youth And Age Analysis

    Essays On Hegemonic Masculinity

    Ethics Of War And Peace Essay

    Francophone Postcolonial Cultures Critical Essays

    Experiential Essays

    Gcse Frankenstein Essay

    Essays On Current Issues In Education

    Gandhi Essay In English

    Essays On Wisdom Comes With Age

    Essays On Similarities Between A Poems And Short Stories

    Annotated Bibliography
    sitemap