Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
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Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
Your great-great-grandfather spared the vanquished for if he had not spared them, whom would he have had to rule? Sallustius and a cocceius and a deillius and the whole inner circle of his court he recruited from the camp of his opponents and now it was his own mercifulness that gave him a domitius, a messala, an asinius, a cicero, and all the flower of the state. Everybody, however, understands that the fact of the case is that mercy consists in stopping short of what might have been deservedly proposed. Why do you not rather gather up your brief life and render it a peaceful one to yourself and all others? Why do you not rather make yourself beloved by all while you live, and regretted by all when you die? Why do vou long to drag down the man who deals with you from too lofty a height? Why do you try with all your might to crush the man who rails against you, a low and contemptible fellow, but sharp-tongued and troublesome to his betters? Why are you angry with your slave, you with your master, you with your patron,you with your client? Wait a little.
Pity is the sorrow of the mind brought about by the sight of the distress of others, or sadness caused by the ills of others which it believes come undeservedly. Within my memory the people in the forum stabbed tricho, a roman knight, with their writing-styles because he had flogged his son to death augustus caesars authority barely rescued him from the indignant hands of fathers no less than of sons. It is, therefore, their own safety that men love, when for one man they lead ten legions at a time into battle when they rush to the forefront and expose their breasts to wounds that they may save the standards of their emperor from defeat.
You cannot guard your own house just lately the influence of a mere freedman defeated you in a private suit plainly, nothing can be easier for you than to take action against caesar! Tell me, if i alone block your hopes, will paulus and fabius maximus and the cossi and the servilii and the great line of nobles, who are not the representatives of empty names, but add distinction to their pedigree - will these put up with you? Not to fill up a great part of my book in repeating all his words -for he is known to have talked more than two hours, lengthening out this ordeal with which alone he intended to be content - at last he said cinna, a second time i grant you your life the first time you were an open enemy, now, a plotter and a parricide. Would you avoid being provoked? Then do not be inquisitive, he who tries to discover what has been said against him, who unearths malicious gossip even if it was privately indulged in, is responsible for his own disquietude. Therefore of all things that i have deemed necessary for you, i have made nothing easier than dying.
Consider, too, that it is for the common good to have the best men become soldiers, so to speak, and do service. You will approach him with various appeals and persuasively, unless you happen to be an important enough person to be able to quell his anger by the same tactics the deified augustus used when he was dining with vedius pollio. How else did fabius restore the broken forces of the state but by knowing how to loiter, to put off, and to waita - things of which angry men know nothing? The state, which was standing then in the utmost extremity, had surely perished if fabius had ventured to do all that anger prompted.
Yet who would maintain that passion is on a level with reason? Passion, some one says, is useful, provided that it be moderate. And somehow or other gifted men when dealing with a cruel and hateful theme have moulded violent and passionate thoughts into more felicitous phrase never before have i heard from good and gentle lips an utterance that was full of spirit. For is it only the casual man or the few who break the law? On every hand, as if at a given signal, men rise to level all the barriers of right and wrong and yet how few of all the crimes are these! The poet makes no mention of the battling camps that claim a common blood, of the parents and the children sundered by a soldiers oath, of the flames a roman hand applied to rome, of the hostile bands of horsemen that scour the land to find the hiding-places of citizens proscribed, of springs defiled by poison, of plague the hand of man has made, of the trench flung around beleaguered parents, of crowded prisons, of fires that burn whole cities to the ground, of baleful tyrannies and secret plots for regal power and for subversion of the state, of acts that now are glorified, but still are crimes so long as power endures to crush them, rape and lechery and the lust that spares not even human mouths.
Many have taken slight injuries too deeply to heart in the act of revenging them. In the dry periods of lifeb anger is powerful and strong, but is without increase, showing little gain because cold succeeds heat,c which is now on the decline. Add now to these, public acts of perjury between nations, broken treaties, and all the booty seized when resistance could not save it from the stronger, the double-dealings, the thefts and frauds and debts disowned - for such crimes all three forumsa supply not courts enough! If you expect the wise man to be as angry as the shamefulness of crimes compels, he must not be angry merely, but go mad. Would any one want to stab an enemy with such force as to leave his own hand in the wound and be unable to recover himself from the blow? But such a weapon is anger it is hard to draw back. I am not sure which wish was worse -that he should be hated or that he should be feared.
Seneca Essays Book 1 - Stoics Home Page
THE DIALOGUES OF LUCIUS ANNAEUS SENECA BOOK I TO LUCILIUS ON PROVIDENCE+. Why, though there is a Providence, some Misfortunes befall Good Men.
Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
Full text / script of the play A Midsummer Night's Dream Act ...
Script of Act V A Midsummer Night's Dream The play by William Shakespeare. Introduction This section contains the script of Act V of A Midsummer Night's Dream the play by William Shakespeare.
Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
It would be an endless task were i to attempt to mention the separate acts by which he cast insult upon his parents and grandparents and upon men of every class i shall, therefore, mention only those which brought him to his destruction. A flood of light surrounds you towards it every one turns his eyes.
This passes over everything of that sort as of no more consequence than the delusive shapes of dreams and the apparitions of the night, But where will you find a judge so just? The man who covets everybodys wife and considers the mere fact that she belongs to another an ample and just excuse for loving her this same man will not have his own wife looked at the strictest enforcer of loyalty is the traitor, the punisher of falsehood is himself a perjurer.
But some people think that a man is insulted when the same horses which are submissive to one rider are rebellious toward another, just as if it were due to the animals choice and not rather to the riders practised skill in management that certain animals prove more tractable to certain men. It will be said that some one spoke ill of you consider whether you spoke ill of him first, consider how many there are of whom you speak ill. If, however, it will not submit to authority and reason, the only result of its moderation will be that the less there is of it, the less harm it will do. Of all else he has merely the use on sufferance. What if the hands should desire to harm the feet, or the eyes the hands? As all the members of the body are in harmony one with another because it is to the advantage of the whole that the individual members be unharmed, so mankind should spare the individual man, because all are born for a life of fellowship, and society can be kept unharmed only by the mutual protection and love of its parts.
In the same way, a string of feathers may keep wild beasts hemmed in, but let a horseman come upon them from behind with javelins, and they will try to escape through the very objects that had made them run, and will trample down their fear. For it will not hurt, but will heal under the guise of hurting. O how clever is anger in devising excuses for its madness! You, it says, i order to be executed because you were condemned you, because you were the cause of your comrades condemnation you, because you did not obey your commander when, you were ordered to kill. If the man who, through constant abuse, had forgotten how to blush, was able, by reason of his brazen face, to do this, why studies and the training of philosophy, has attained to some growth? Besides, it is a sort of revenge to rob the man who has sought to inflict an insult of the pleasure of having done so. If, however, it resists and is not submissive when ordered, but is carried away by its own caprice and fury, it will be an instrument of the mind as useless as is the soldier who disregards the signal for retreat.
But piso added also a third for he ordered the centurion who had brought back the condemned man to be executed as well. I am sure that the gods looked on with exceeding joy while that hero, most ruthless in avenging himself, took thought for the safety of others and arranged the escape of his departing followers while even on his last night he pursued his studies while he drove the sword into his sacred breast while he scattered his vitals, and drew forth by his hand that holiest spirit, too noble to be defiled by the steel. There is a story that once a physician had to cure the daughter of a king, and yet could not without using the knife. For what physician will show anger toward a patient? But, you say, they are incapable of being reformed, there is nothing pliable in them, nothing that gives room for fair hope. But our reply must be that wild beasts and all animals, except man, are not subject to anger for while it is the foe of reason, it is, nevertheless, born only where reason dwells. May virtue be spared the calamity of having reason ever flee for help to vice! It is impossible for the mind to find here a sure repose shattered and storm-tossed it must ever be if it depends upon its worst qualities to save it, if it cannot be brave without being angry, if it cannot be industrious without being greedy, if it cannot be quiet without being afraid - such is the tyranny under which that man must live who surrenders to the bondage of any passion. Think of everything, expect everything even in good characters some unevenness will appear. For as the marks of a madman are unmistakable - a bold and threatening mien, a gloomy brow, a fierce expression, a hurried step, restless hands, an altered colour, a quick and more violent breathing - so likewise are the marks of the angry man his eyes blaze and sparkle, his whole face is crimson with the blood that surges from the lowest depths of the heart, his lips quiver, his teeth are clenched, his hair bristles and stands on end, his breathing is forced and harsh, his joints crack from writhing, he groans and bellows, bursts out into speech with scarcely intelligible words, strikes his hands together continually, and stamps the ground with his feet his whole body is excited and performs great angry threatsa it is an ugly and horrible picture of distorted and swollen frenzy -you cannot tell whether this vice is more execrable or more hideous. Flee luxury, flee enfeebling good fortune, from which mens minds grow sodden, and if nothing intervenes to remind them of the common lot, they sink, as it were, into the stupor of unending drunkenness. So, too, one sick person causes no confusion even in his own household but when repeated deaths show that a plague prevails, there is a general outcry and flight of the community, and threatening hands are lifted toward the gods themselves.This has been a bumper year for books related to philanthrocapitalism, including some terrific tomes on philanthropy and social entrepreneurship, as well as others focused on topics that should be of interest to anyone trying to innovate a better world.
English proverbs (alphabetically by proverb) - WikiquoteProverbs are popularly defined as short expressions of popular wisdom. Efforts to improve on the popular definition have not led to a more precise definition. The wisdom is in the form of a general observation about the world or a bit of advice, sometimes more nearly an attitude toward a situation ...
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For if any one supposes that pallor, falling tears, prurient itching or deep-drawn sigh, a sudden brightening of the eyes, and the like, are an evidence of passion and a manifestation of the mind, he is mistaken and fails to understand that these are disturbances of the body. Let us be freed from this evil, let us clear it from our minds and tear it up by the roots, for if there should linger the smallest traces, it will grow again and let us not try to regulate our anger, but be rid of it altogether -for what regulation can there be of any evil thing? Moreover, we can do it, if only we shall make the effort. For thus also we break in animals by using the lash, and we do not get angry at them when they will not submit to a rider, but we curb them in order that by pain we may overcome their obstinacy Buy now Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
We shall not condole with such a chain-gang of prisoners so wretched, we shall not urge them to submit to the commands of their butchers we shall show that in any kind of servitude the way lies open to liberty. All his adversities he counts mere training. And you need not be surprised if no one can do him an injury, no one can do him a service either. Happy to have found a supporter, he thanked his wife, then ordered that the request to the friends who had been asked to the conference be at once countermanded, and summoned only cinna to his presence. God so unjust in his allotment of destiny as to assign to good men poverty, wounds, and painful death? It is impossible for the moulder to alter matter to this law it has submitted Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay Buy now
He grew angry at heaven because its thunder interrupted some pantomimists, whom he was more anxious to imitate than to watch, and when its thunderbolts - surely they missed their mark - affrighted his own revels, he challenged jove to what madness! He thought that not even jove could harm him, or that he could harm even jove. The result of his anger was that the tyrant lent his might to the tyrant-slayer and slew his own protectors with his own sword. Moreover, justice can suffer no injustice, because opposites do not meet. How much more glorious it is for the mind, impervious, as it were, to any missile, to repel all insults and injuries! On anger, iii. Socrates, it is said, when once he received a box on the ear, merely declared that it was too bad that a man could not tell when he ought to wear a helmet while taking a walk Buy Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay at a discount
For the man who exacts punishment, not because he desires punishment for its own sake, but because it is right to inflict it, ought not to be counted as an angry man. So anger begins with a mighty rush, then breaks down from untimely exhaustion, and though all its thoughts had been concerned with cruelty and unheard-of forms of torture, yet when the time is ripe for purnishment it has already become crippled and weak. In the first place, it makes it subside all the more quickly in the second, it prevents its recurrence it will baffle, also, even the first outburst which it makes no effort to soothe, for it will remove all the weapons of revenge it will feign anger in order that, posing thus as a helper and comrade of our resentment, it may have more influence in counsel it will contrive delays, and will postpone immediate punishment by looking about for a heavier one Buy Online Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
Whenever there is need of violent effort, the mind does not become angry, but it gathers itself together and is aroused or relaxed according to its estimate of the need just as when engines of war hurl forth their arrows, it is the operator who controls the tension with which they are hurled. I assuredly did not intend to deck up the wise man with the fanciful honour of words, but to place him in the position where no injury may reach him. And so very often even the bravest man turns pale while he fits on his arms, the knees of the boldest soldier often tremble a little when the battle-signal is given, the mighty commander has his heart in his throat before the battle-lines clash, and while the most eloquent orator is getting ready to speak, his extremities become rigid, anger must not only be aroused but it must rush forth, for it is an active impulse but an active impulse never comes without the consent of the will, for it is impossible for a man to aim at revenge and punishment without the cognizance of his mind Buy Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay Online at a discount
A god we believe him to be, but not because we are bidden that augustus was a good prince, that he well deserved the name of father, this we confess for no other reason than because he did not avenge with cruelty even the personal insults which usually sting a prince more than wrongs, because when he was the victim of lampoons he smiled, because he seemed to suffer punishment when he was exacting it, because he was so far from killing the various men whom he had convicted of intriguing with his daughtera that he banished them for their greater safety, and gave them their credentials. Is there any doubt that the strength that cannot be overcome is a truer sort than that which is unassailed, seeing that untested powers are dubious, whereas the stability that repels all assaults is rightly deemed most genuine? So you must know that the wise man, if no injury hurts him, will be of a higher type than if none is offered to him, and the brave man, i should say, is he whom war cannot subdue, whom the onset of a hostile force cannot terrify, not he who battens at ease among the idle populace Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay For Sale
The bull is aroused by a red colour, the asp strikes at a shadow, bears and lions are irritated by a handkerchief all creatures by nature wild and savage are alarmed by trifles. Consequently, some of our school hold that anger is aroused in the breast by the boiling of the blood about the heart the reason why this particular spot is assigned to anger is none other than the fact that the warmest part the whole body is the breast. Its first blows are fierce so serpents when they first crawl from their lair are charged with venom, but their fangs are harmless after they have been drained by repeated biting. It comes, then, not as a help to virtue, but as a substitute for it. And i may adduce here the argument of plato - for what harm is there in using the arguments of others, so far as they are our own? The good man, he says, does no injury For Sale Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
But it is as foolish to be angry with these as it is to be angry with children and all who are not much different from children in point of wisdom for in the eyes of a just judge all such mistakes can plead ignorance as the equivalent of innocence. Anger must be dislodged - even those who say that it ought to be reduced admit this in part let us be rid of it altogether, it can do us no good. While we are looking back, as they say, and turning around, straightway death will be upon us. Whether the throat is strangled by a knot, or water stops the breathing, or the hard ground crushes in the skull of one falling headlong to its surface, or flame inhaled cuts off the course of respiration, be it what it may, the end is swift Sale Discretion Is The Better Part Of Valour Essay
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